4 Types of Rosacea and Their Treatments

You may have the tendency to blush or flush in the presence of heat and alcohol or when a crush walks by. However, if you blush without the presence of these factors, it may be because of Rosacea. Rosacea is a common skin condition that affects at least 14 million Americans. People in their 30’s, women undergoing menopause, and people with fair skin are predisposed to this condition. Rosacea is characterized by flare-ups and remissions. This redness can affect the nose and cheeks to the forehead and chin. It can spread further to the ears, chest, and back.

Treatment : Presently, there is no cure for Rosacea but it is important that treatment is given as soon as possible to avoid life-disrupting symptoms. Rosacea can exhibit more than just flushing. Treatment depends on the various signs and symptoms that are generally categorized into four subtypes.

4 Types of Rosacea 

1. Facial redness (Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea) 

Flushing, redness, and the appearance of visible blood vessels (telangiectasia) are characteristics of rosacea subtype 1. People with this subtype often have extremely sensitive skin.

Treatment: This Rosacea subtype isn’t treated with medical therapy. Therefore, it is imperative that lifestyle and environment trigger factors be identified and avoided. Other non-medical treatments are also available.

  • Proper skin care

The facial discomfort that arises from this condition can be eased by proper skin care. It is important to carefully select cleansers, moisturizers and other products to avoid irritation to the skin.

  • Laser treatment

This treatment is done by a dermatologist. Laser treatment can be used to shrink visible blood vessels. However, the procedure may be painful. At times the procedure can cause bruising, crusting of the skin, swelling, tenderness, and, very rarely, infection. These symptoms mostly disappear after a week.

2. Bumps and Pimples (Papulopustular Rosacea)

Rosacea type 2 is characterized by constant or persistent swelling and acne-like breakouts.

Treatment: Like other inflammation, oral antibiotics and topical rosacea therapy is used to bring the condition under immediate control. The consistent application of topical maintains remission. A version of an oral antibiotic with less risk of microbial resistance has been developed specifically for rosacea and has been shown to be safe for long-term use.

3. Eye Irritation (Ocular Rosacea)

Found around the eye, this type is symptomized by dry eyes, burning eyes, excessive tearing, swollen eyelids, recurrence of sties, vision lost, and damage to the cornea.

Treatment: Most eye problems can be treated with medicines. The doctor may advice you to keep your eyelids clean by scrubbing them gently with baby shampoo. After scrubbing, you should apply a warm (but not hot) compress a few times a day. In some cases, the physician may prescribe steroid eye drops or may refer you to an ophthalmologist to avoid eye complications.

4. Nose Enlargement (Phymatous Rosacea) 

This type shows symptoms including skin thickening and nose enlargement. Another symptom is having a bumpy texture.

Treatment:  Mild cases are treated with medications. While moderate to severe manifestations often require surgery. A wide range of surgical options is available to remove excess tissue and re-contour the nose, often followed by dermabrasion.

Although there are four types of rosacea, symptoms can overlap and a person may exhibit more than one type of rosacea at a time. As said above, there are vast treatment plans available if you talk to your doctor today.

Some people with rosacea feel bad because of the way their skin looks. Millions of Americans have this condition there are groups that you can join for support. The earlier you treat this condition, the easier it is to beat.



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