Different Types of Wrinkles and How to Prevent Them

Did you know that there are several different types of wrinkles? In fact, there are four common ones that almost everyone will get at some point in life. Wrinkles are a natural part of the aging process, yet men and women alike fear aging. As some patients begin to see these changes taking place on their body, they may even find themselves feeling stressed and with low self-esteem. Here are different types of wrinkles you should know about:

Atrophic Crinkling Rhytids

This type of wrinkle is better known as fine lines or crinkles. They aren't full blown wrinkles at this stage, but they are the first to form on the face and are found all over the body. The average age when fine lines begin to show up is 30, but heavy sunbathers can expect to see them much earlier. The good news is fine lines are the easiest to prevent and treat.

How to treat them:

Most importantly, limit the amount of time spent under the sun and be sure to apply an SPF 30 Broad Spectrum sunscreen daily. Moisturizing helps diminish the appearance of fine lines. Using Alpha Hydroxy Acid will help speed up your skin's natural exfoliation process. Don’t skip washing your face each morning and night. Be sure to eat green leafy vegetables and colorful fruits. The more color on your plate the more anti-aging nutrients and antioxidants you're feeding your body.

Permanent Elastic Creases

Over time fine lines turn into permanent elastic creases. They are a direct result of too much time in the sun and are caused by smoking. These wrinkles show up around the eyes, upper lip, cheeks, neck, and decolletage.

How to treat them:

Strive to kick the smoking habit and limit sun exposure. Slather your skin with sunscreen from head to toe and don't forget the tops of your hands too!  Moisturize daily using products that contain hyaluronic acid, vitamin C, and peptides to help boost collagen. At this point, an ideal moisturizer is one that contains retinol. Prescription retinoids are also excellent for combating the signs of aging. Laser therapy and chemical peels are a great way to increase cell turnover and will bring a youthful glow back to your face by removing dull, gray skin. Laser therapy is great for making broken capillaries retreat, diminishing redness, erasing liver spots and other forms of hyperpigmentation that are caused by sun damage. Some patients, not all, who suffer with melasma might also be a candidate for laser treatments.

Dynamic Expression Lines also called Expression Wrinkles

Repetitive muscle movement is the cause of dynamic wrinkles. If you are prone to making a certain facial expression like squinting your eyes hard while looking at a computer screen, try to refrain. As facial muscles move, skin moves and creases begin to develop, growing deeper into the epidermis until one day it is permanently etched into the skin. Genetics can be blamed for many dynamic lines but smoking is another significant cause of them too. Dynamic wrinkles predominately show up around the eyes as crows feet, frown lines, and forehead wrinkles.

How to treat Wrinkles:

Botox® is the best treatment for most wrinkles, and it can be used preemptively to prevent them as well. Fillers, like Juvederm®, plump up deeper lines, so they are no longer visible when the face is at rest. While it's impossible to stop all muscle movement in your face, it is a good idea to resist excessive squinting and brow furrowing.

Gravitational Folds

Like the name says, these wrinkles form as a result of gravity pulling skin downwards. Over time skin begins to sag which causes folds to look more pronounced.  Losing a substantial amount of weight, as seen with crash dieters, is another contributor as well. An example of this type of wrinkle is the nasolabial fold; parallel lines that run along each side of the nose towards the mouth, commonly called marionette lines or parentheses.

How to treat them:

Surgical facelifts used to be the only option to treat sagging skin and continues to be an option. For those who want to skip surgery, there’s now Ultherapy. It’s a noninvasive microlift that uses ultrasound technology to send energy to the deeper structural areas of the skin where collagen lives. Over the course of 3-6 months, through a natural regenerative process, the skin will gradually lift, tighten and tone necklines, jowls, eyebrows and skin below the chin.

Wrinkles seldom occur in isolation, but many of them are preventable and treatable. The most important takeaway from this is that with a good skincare regimen and avid sun protection, most wrinkles are easily prevented. You and our team at Elias Dermatology will work together to keep wrinkles and the signs of aging at bay.. Schedule an appointment at one of three offices today. You’re in good hands with us. We look forward to seeing you soon.

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