Why does acne occur?
Your skin has pores that connect to oil glands beneath the skin’s surface. Hair follicles connect the glands to the pores. These follicles are like tiny sacs that produce and secrete sebum.
Sebum is an oily liquid that carries dead skin cells through the follicle to the surface of the skin. When these follicles get blocked, oil builds up under the skin, and a pimple begins to develop. When the dead skin cells, oil, and hair get tangled together, the follicle is clogged and gets infected with bacteria. Once the clogged pore begins to break down, a pimple starts to develop.
However, the frequency and severity of acne are influenced by a variety of factors. There is no one single cause of pimples, and certain factors can enhance your risk for developing breakouts. An increase in the oil secretion rate, a change in the composition of your skin’s natural oil, and the abnormal growth of skin cells can all cause acne.
One of the most common causes of pimples is hormones. You’ve probably been there. Almost every teenager goes through a period of raging hormones and excessive acne.
Androgens, otherwise known as “male hormones,” are produced in men and women by sex organs – testes, ovaries, and adrenal glands. This hormone will begin to increase in younger men when they reach puberty, which is why teenage boys typically experience a period of acne development.
Luckily, this kind of acne usually subsides once their hormones level out.
For women, however, they experience hormonal discrepancies more frequently throughout life. Outbreaks of acne are known to occur in women during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and post-breastfeeding due to the fluctuation of hormones in their system.
Other elements can cause acne. Friction and heavy sweating have been proven to be the origination of acne. Stress has been shown to cause outbreaks of pimples as well. What you consume has a significant influence on whether you will have an outbreak, because high glycemic diets are correlated with acne.
When your blood sugar spikes, this leads to inflammation and can result in pimples. Insulin spikes also cause an increase in the production of skin oils, which results in more clogged hair follicles and an unhappy complexion.
Exposure to certain agents, such as grease, solvents, and vegetable oil-based cosmetics, may be the source of oil build-up and breakouts. To get a better understanding of what is causing your skin to breakout, contact a Board-certified dermatologist.
Factors which can contribute to acne include:
Environmental Agents (Greases, Solvents)
Exposure to Lanolin or Vegetable Oil Based Cosmetics
Diet (high glycemic diet)
An increase in oil secretion rate
A change in oil composition
Abnormal growth and “stickiness” of the cells of the skin, which allows for acne-inducing bacteria to overgrow
The release of certain hormones
Circulating hormones such as a change before a woman’s period