Acne Treatment Specialists

Acne affects up to 50 million Americans every year, and of those 50 million, 15 percent have some form of acne severe enough that it causes scarring on their skin. At Elias Dermatology®, we know how debilitating acne can be in one’s social and professional life. Acne has been known to cause significant physical and psychological problems. What many people don’t understand is that acne can be an emotional battle. For some people, perfect skin comes naturally. For others, perfect skin is a far-off dream.

Acne is caused by blocked or clogged pores and results in cysts and other lesions to appear most commonly on the skin of the face, back, and chest. The dermatologists of Elias Dermatology® treat those who suffer from acne in Fort Lauderdale and Pembroke Pines with care and determination. Our goal is to deliver the skin of your dreams by curating a skincare routine that combats acne while also providing hydrating, youthful looking skin.

What is acne?

Acne is a common skin disorder that ranges from mild to chronic. Acne occurs when hair follicles are blocked. As a result of the blocked hair follicles, the skin breaks out in pimples and spots on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest and upper arms. Excess oil and dead skin cells are the most common culprits of clogged pores. Most patients will experience acne on the face and back. This is because the face and back have the highest number of oil glands. The earliest lesions of acne are referred to as blackheads or whiteheads.

 
 

Who is inclined to get acne?

Most people will suffer from some form of acne at some point in their life. However, there are a certain group of people who are prone to struggle with the irritating skin condition. Genetics, for example, plays a major role in the development of acne.

 If your parents have struggled with acne and your siblings have as well, you are most likely going to too. Your genes will affect the way your hormones and other environmental factors influence your skin. Some people are fortunate and have a high resistance to acne, while others don’t.

This doesn’t mean you can’t have beautiful skin. With the assistance of a Board-certified Dermatologist and a consistent skincare routine, you can achieve flawless, glowing skin.

 
 

Why does acne occur?

Your skin has pores that connect to oil glands beneath the skin’s surface. Hair follicles connect the glands to the pores. These follicles are like tiny sacs that produce and secrete sebum.

 Sebum is an oily liquid that carries dead skin cells through the follicle to the surface of the skin. When these follicles get blocked, oil builds up under the skin, and a pimple begins to develop. When the dead skin cells, oil, and hair get tangled together, the follicle is clogged and gets infected with bacteria. Once the clogged pore begins to break down, a pimple starts to develop.

 However, the frequency and severity of acne are influenced by a variety of factors. There is no one single cause of pimples, and certain factors can enhance your risk for developing breakouts. An increase in the oil secretion rate, a change in the composition of your skin’s natural oil, and the abnormal growth of skin cells can all cause acne.

One of the most common causes of pimples is hormones. You’ve probably been there. Almost every teenager goes through a period of raging hormones and excessive acne.

Androgens, otherwise known as “male hormones,” are produced in men and women by sex organs – testes, ovaries, and adrenal glands. This hormone will begin to increase in younger men when they reach puberty, which is why teenage boys typically experience a period of acne development.

Luckily, this kind of acne usually subsides once their hormones level out.

For women, however, they experience hormonal discrepancies more frequently throughout life. Outbreaks of acne are known to occur in women during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and post-breastfeeding due to the fluctuation of hormones in their system.

 Other elements can cause acne. Friction and heavy sweating have been proven to be the origination of acne. Stress has been shown to cause outbreaks of pimples as well. What you consume has a significant influence on whether you will have an outbreak, because high glycemic diets are correlated with acne.

 When your blood sugar spikes, this leads to inflammation and can result in pimples. Insulin spikes also cause an increase in the production of skin oils, which results in more clogged hair follicles and an unhappy complexion.

 Exposure to certain agents, such as grease, solvents, and vegetable oil-based cosmetics, may be the source of oil build-up and breakouts. To get a better understanding of what is causing your skin to breakout, contact a Board-certified dermatologist.

 Factors which can contribute to acne include:

  • Friction

  • Sweating

  • Heredity

  • Stress

  • Resistant Infections

  • Environmental Agents (Greases, Solvents)

  • Exposure to Lanolin or Vegetable Oil Based Cosmetics

  • Diet (high glycemic diet)

  • An increase in oil secretion rate

  • A change in oil composition

  • Abnormal growth and “stickiness” of the cells of the skin, which allows for acne-inducing bacteria to overgrow

  • The release of certain hormones

  • Circulating hormones such as a change before a woman’s period

Treatment for acne

Treatment depends on the cause and severity of the patient’s acne. Topical medications, such as creams, can help reduce oil on the skin. Skin cell adherence can also be diminished with the use of topical creams. Oral treatments, like antibiotics, are also available.

For severe cases of cystic acne, isotretinoin is used to combat the skin disorder. Isotretinoin is only used as a last result after the patient has been prescribed other courses of treatment. This includes topical creams like benzoyl peroxide or clindamycin, or an antibiotic like tetracycline or minocycline. Isotretinoin is a high dose of Vitamin A and is used to decrease the amount of sebum produced in the sebaceous glands. Isotretinoin is harsh on the human system. There are adverse side effects that can occur – dry lips, crusty skin, back pain, mood changes, or migraines to name a few. If your doctor has prescribed you this medication, it is because they believe the positive results with outweigh the negative side effects.

Bacteria on the skin causes acne, and certain antibacterial medications can be effective in fighting pimples. This is where antibiotics and topical medications become useful. Nutritional supplements, such as zinc, niacinamide, and Vitamin A, may also be useful in eliminating lesions.

We offer the following services to treat acne:

  • Salicylic Acid Peels

  • Microdermabrasion

  • Acne Surgery

  • Photodynamic Therapy

 
 

What to expect

Depending on a patient’s course of treatment, each person should expect a different experience. For instance, topical medications can cause dryness, redness, and sensitivity to the sun. Antibiotics can also cause sensitivity to the sun, nausea and upset stomach. As previously mentioned, Isotretinoin has several negative side effects. The drug can induce mood swings, depression, and is exceptionally harmful to an unborn baby. If you are a woman planning to go on Isotretinoin and you are sexually active, you are required to use two form of birth control.

  • Salicylic acid peels are an effective way to treat and prevent new breakouts from forming. During a salicylic acid peel, the first layer of skin will be treated. Depending on the condition of the skin, your Dermatologist will determine what strength acid peel is best for you. Once the skin is prepped, the salicylic acid solution will be applied to the skin of the affected area. A slight tingling or burning sensation may be felt, but will usually subside in a few moments. Once the peel is neutralized, it will be rinsed off with cool water or a cleanser. Do not be alarmed if your skin is red and peeling for up to 7 days. If the patient’s pores are clogged, a few pimples might pop up after the treatment as the skin is purging itself of any oils and bacteria.

  • Microdermabrasion is a minimally invasive procedure used for treating acne, hyperpigmentation, fine lines and wrinkles, and scars. After the affected area has been prepared and cleaned of excess oil, the Aesthetician or Board-certified Dermatologist will use an instrument to gently sand your skin. The instrument will exert tiny crystals will gently going back and forth, exfoliating the skin. The procedure should be painless and has been described as feeling like an abrasive cat tongue is licking the face.

  • Acne surgery includes blemish excision, blemish extractions, laser surgery, chemical peels, and intralesional corticosteroid injections. Each procedure is very different; however, they all have the same goal in mind: clear, acne-free skin.

  • Photodynamic therapy is used for minimizing the function of overactive sebaceous glands. A topical solution will be applied to the face or other acne-affected areas. After the initial application, the solution will sting for a few minutes. Once the product has been absorbed, a light is turned on to activate the solution. Some patients experience a burning and stinging sensation. This will destroy the acne causing cells and sebaceous glands, resulting in clearer skin.

 
 

Can acne treatments be used in conjunction with one another?

Most acne medications are used in conjunction with one another. For instance, once a doctor prescribes a topical medication, the acne may subside, but the patient might desire even better results. The dermatologist may decide to combine the topical cream with a second serum or even an oral medication. 

Because acne is personal to every patient, we always recommend in-office visits combined with a healthy lifestyle and diet choices. Steering clear of refined carbs and sugars while fueling your body and skin with the proper nutrients will make a noticeable difference in the quality of your skin. This combined with a skin care strategy is sure to reduce your acne in no time.

Your course of acne treatment will always depend on the cause and intensity of the acne you are experiencing. In order to get the best results possible, visit a Board-certified Dermatologist near you.

Why choose Elias Dermatology for acne treatment

If you are tired of the constant battle with your acne, it’s time you take action. There is no need to be embarrassed about your skin when you can conquer it. At Elias Dermatology®, our doctors have the expertise and experience to treat your acne until you are satisfied with your skin. If you have any questions about acne and acne treatment, call us at 954-771-0582. Dr. Elias can be your acne treatment specialist in Pembroke Pines and Fort Lauderdale today.